Diabetics have special problems. In addition to needing dietary restrictions, diabetics must be careful with their feet in order to prevent painful open sores, cracks, swelling, bleeding, and/or loss of feeling, which can lead to more serious issues, including amputation. Regular screenings and annual checkups at One Podiatry can help keep your feet healthy and comfortable.
Common Diabetic Foot Conditions
Shoes that fit poorly or a seam in a sock, which would be minor annoyances to others, can cause foot ulcerations in a diabetic. This is due to the loss of sensation in the extremities, a condition which is frequently associated with diabetes. Ingrown toenails, although common, can become inflamed and infected without a diabetic’s knowledge, and can cause serious health issues. We can help you treat these issues before they escalate.
Toenail Trimming Tips for Diabetics
When you trim your toenails, be sure to cut the nails straight across. Don’t round them or taper them because this can precipitate an ingrown toenail. If you have calluses, visit a doctor at One Podiatry to have them debrided rather than trying to remove them on your own.
Proper Care, Treatment, and Prevention
Diabetics can avert issues with their feet by proper care. Keep them clean, dry, and moisturized. Dry skin can become cracked and begin to bleed, so be sure to moisturize well, except between the toes. Be attentive to bruises on the feet, or thickening or discoloration of the toenails. If you notice these things, make an appointment with your doctor right away.
Soft, thick socks are ideal for diabetics, and acrylic is preferable to cotton because acrylic retains less moisture. Make sure that your socks don’t have seams that can aggravate your feet and avoid constricting garments, such as pantyhose or elastic socks, on your feet and legs.
Watch Your Weight
Being overweight stresses the feet, so if you’re overweight, consider losing a few pounds. Excess weight can exacerbate the complications of diabetes, so try to maintain an appropriate weight. Walking is an excellent exercise for diabetics and is a good way to reduce weight if you need to.
If you smoke, quit. Smoking, in addition to being harmful to the body overall, is particularly bad for diabetics. Smoking inhibits circulation, which is already compromised in a diabetic. Excessive alcohol intake can trigger the onset of neuropathy, so keep alcohol intake to a moderate level.
Loss of Sensation is Serious
Loss of sensation in the feet can be caused by diabetic neuropathy, which is a serious affliction that can lead to amputation. If you suspect that you may be developing diabetic neuropathy, consult your doctor at One Podiatry without delay.
Proper care and annual maintenance of your diabetic feet can keep them healthy and attached to your ankle.